NBAGR Registered cattle Breeds of 2020 | India

nbagr-breeds

Breed registration Committee (India)

On 24th January 2020, New Delhi approved the registration of Thirteen new breeds Indigenous Farm Animals and One Line of Chicken Registered by ICAR-National Bureau of Animal Genetic Resources, Karnal

What Is the work of ICAR- NBAGR

ICAR-National Bureau of Animal Genetic Resources(NBAGR), located at Karnal which is the nodal agency for registration of newly identified germplasm of the livestock and poultry of the country.
New identified breeds are approved by (BRC) Breed Registration Committee of (ICAR) Indian Council of Agricultural Research which is headed by Deputy Director General (Animal Sciences), ICAR represented by the National Biodiversity Authority, Department of farming & Dairying (GoI), ADGs (ICAR), Directors of ICARs species-specific animal science institutes and NBAGR.

The NBAGR Registered Breeds of 2020

It includes seven breeds of cattle, two breeds of pig, and one breed each of buffalo, sheep, donkey, and duck.After including these newly registered breeds, the whole number of indigenous breeds now within the country which is 197, including 17 for buffalo, 50 for cattle, 9 for camel, 34 for goat, 44 for sheep, 7 for horses & ponies, 10 for pig, 3 for donkey, 1 for yak, 2 for duck, 1 for geese and 19 for chicken. BRC also approved the registration of one line of chicken ‘PD2 (Vanaraja Female)’ developed by the Directorate of Poultry Research (ICARDPR), Hyderabad.

nbagr cattle breeds

1. Poda Thurpu cattle

nbagr cattle breeds, agritechknowledge

These are medium-sized cattle with compact body distributed in Nagarkurnool district of Telangana. Animals have a white coat with brown patches or Red/brown coat with white patches.

Horns are straight and upward or forward pointing in orientation, and broad at the base. The forehead is convex with a deep groove at the center in the majority of cases.

These animals are usually maintained under an open grazing system and have excellent long migration capacity over undulated forest topography.

The Poda Thurpu cattle are raised mainly for draught purposes. Bullocks have excellent draught capacity in terms of endurance, speed & stamina and are preferred in both dryland and wetland agriculture.

Daily milk yield ranges from 2 to 3 kg and lactation milk yields from 494 to 646 kg. Herd size ranges from 23 to 75. The population size (approx) 15,000.

2. Nari cattle

nbagr cattle breeds, agritechknowledgeNari cattle are native to Sirohi and Pali districts of Rajasthan, Sabarkantha and Banaskantha districts of Gujarat.

These are medium in size with excellent migratory capacity and can survive well on grazing, and in the open housing system during all kinds of weather.

Coat color is white or greyish white in the majority of cows and white, greyish white, and sometimes black in bulls.

Horns are spirally curved and outward /forward pointing in orientation. The forehead is broad and slightly concave in the majority of cases. These are dual-purpose cattle which are used for both the milk and draught purpose.

Daily milk yield ranges from 5 to 9 kg and lactation milk yields from 1119 to 2223 kg. Excellent in draught power in both plains and hilly forest areas. The population size is (approx) 55,000.

3. Dagri cattle

nbagr cattle breeds, agritechknowledgeDagri cattle are distributed in Dahod, Chhotaudepur, and parts of Mahisagar, Panchmahals, and Narmada district of Gujarat. Coat color is predominantly white, sometimes with grey shade.A small sized animal with a compact body and straight forehead. Horns are curved upward in a lyre shape or straight with pointed tips. Extensively used as a draught purpose animal for agricultural operations in hilly areas.

Milk yield is less, 1.5-3.0 kg/day, and 75-650 kg/lactation which is mainly used for household consumption. Less feed requirement survives mainly on grazing, hardly stall-fed. Population size (approx) 2,80,000.

4. Thutho cattle

nbagr cattle breeds, agritechknowledgeThe Thutho cattle are indigenous to the Nagaland and are medium-sized animals, and hardy, well-built and docile.
The body color for the most part is black. Bulls are darker in color. Around 40% of animals have white spots on the face.
Some of the animals have white spots on legs and underbody too. Fore-head is small and straight. Horns are short and stumpy. Ears are moderate in length and horizontal in orientation.

Hump is small to medium in size and dewlap is medium in cows and large in bulls. The tail is up to the hock mainly with a black switch.

The udder is small. The backline is uneven, slopes behind the small hump rise to peak between hipbones, and then drops sharply to the tail head. Used for draught, manure, and meat purposes. Milk yield is less (0.5-1.5 kg/day). The population size is (approx) 53,000.

5. Shweta Kapila Cattle

nbagr cattle breedsComplete white colored cattle found in North Goa and South Goa districts of Goa State. White color extends from muzzle to tail switch including eyelashes and muzzle (whitish brown).
Short to medium statured animal with a straight face, straight and small horns directed upward and outward, and small to medium hump.
The udder is bowl-shaped and small to medium in size with cylindrical teats having rounded tips.
Daily Milk Yield ranges from 1.8 to 3.4kg with an average of 2.8 kg and lactation milk yield from 250 to 650kg. Height ranges from 97 to 137cm. The population size (approx) 22,000.

6. Himachali Pahari cattle

nbagr cattle breedsPrimary cattle population distributed in mid-hill to high hills region of Himachal Pradesh (Kullu. Chamba, Mandi, Kangra, Sirmaur, Shimla, Kinnaur, Lahul & Spiti districts) and adapted to mountain topography, extremely cold climate, and fodder scarcity.

Small to a medium-sized animal, primarily black and blackish-brown in color with a compact cylindrical body, short legs, medium hump, horizontally placed ears, and comparatively long tail.

Horns are medium in size and are mainly curved in a lateral and upward direction. Well suited to mountainous livestock production system as a source of milk, draught, and manure.

Adult weight varies from 200 to 280 kg in males and 140 to 230 kg in females. Height varies from 90 to 120cm. Daily milk yield ranges from 1 to 3 kg and lactation milk yields from 350 to 650 kg. Population size is (approx) 7,59,000.

7. Purnea cattle

nbagr cattle breedsPurnea cattle are distributed in Araria, Purnea and Katihar districts; and the Adjoining areas of Kishanganj, Supaul and Madhepura districts of Bihar.
These are small-sized animals with three different coat colors viz. grey, red and black. These are reared for milk, manure, and to some extent for draught power.
These cattle have a medium hump, small to the medium dewlap, small naval flap, and small to the medium-sized udder. The Head is medium in size. Most of the Purnea cattle has flat poll while some have a moderately prominent poll.
Horns are small in size, straight, and mostly carried upwards sometimes laterally. Their Daily milk yield ranges from 1kg – 5kg and the lactation milk yield from 360kg to 785kg. Their Population size is (approx) 2,19,000.

nbagr buffalo breed

8. Gojri buffalo

nbagr buffalo breedGojri buffaloes are reared in a semi-migratory/pastoral management system by the Gujjar community in Pathankot, Gurdaspur, Hoshiarpur, Rupnagar, and SAS Nagar (Mohali) districts of Punjab and Kangra and Chamba districts of Himachal Pradesh.
These buffaloes have a proportionate and medium built body and are mostly brown or black in color.
Horns are medium-sized; mostly curved to form a big loop. These buffaloes are well adapted to foothills. Animals can travel long distances (seasonal migration) and can climb easily on hilltops for grazing.Used for both milk and draught power (plowing and other agricultural operations). Daily milk yield ranges from 3 to 8kg and lactation milk yields from 800 to 1200 kg. The population size is (approx) 50,000.

nbagr sheep breed

9. Kajali sheep

nbagr sheep breedLarge-sized animals with a well-built body distributed in Sangrur, Barnala, Ludhiana, Moga, and adjoining districts in Punjab.
Kajali sheep have two types /color variants: Black (Kali) and White (Chitti) Kajali. Black Kajali has a complete black or black-brown or brown body.
White Kajali has a completely white coat with a black or dark brown circle/patch around the eyes and in the face and ears. These sheep have a Roman nose, long and pendulous ears, and long-tail touching the ground (about 55cm). Primarily reared for mutton production.
The average adult weight is about 57 kg in males and 43 kg in females. It produces white or black/brown colored coarse wool (0.8 – 1kg). Population size (approx) 6,000 – 8,000.

nbagr pig breeds

10. Mali pig

nbagr pig breedsMali is native to Tripura and is a black colored medium-sized pig with a potbelly. Medium to small bristles is ubiquitously distributed throughout the body.
Animals are characterized with short erect ears lying perpendicular to body axis and concave snout. Adult body weight averages about 68 kg in males and 71 kg in females.
Average litter size: 5.15 (range 3-7) at birth and 4.46 (range 3-6) at weaning. Population size (approx) 45,000 – 50,000.

11. Purnea pig

nbagr pig breedsPurnea is a black colored medium-sized pig found in Purnea and Katihar districts of Bihar and adjoining areas of Sahibganj district of Jharkhand.These pigs have a compact body and pot belly. However, in few animals, white spots at the lower limbs are also seen. A thick line of the bristle is present on topline from neck to shoulders giving the animal a wild look. Animals are characterized by a round face; short conical and erect ears; and small, thick, and slightly concave snout.

Skin is thick with neck folds in mature animals. Adult body weight varies from 41 to 50kg. Litter size at birth varies from 4 to 6. These pigs are ferocious in nature. Population size is (approx) 1,00,000 – 1,20,000.

nbagr donkey breed

12. Kachchhi donkey

nbagr donkey breedThese donkeys are found in Kachchh District of Gujarat. Coat color is mainly grey (dorsal surface grey & ventral surface white) followed by white, brown, and black. The forehead is convex.
The nasal bone is straight. Height at wither ranges from 77 to 115cm, Docile in temperament. Only donkeys used for agricultural purposes like Inter cultivation for weed removing.
They can also be utilized for transportation like donkey cart and pack animals during pastoralist migration, etc. It Can carry approx. 80-100 Kg on the back and can pull 200-300 Kg on the cart. The population size (approx) 1700.

nbagr duck breeds

13. Maithili duck

nbagr duck breedsMaithili ducks are distributed in Motihari, Sitamarhi, Madhubani, Araria, Kishanganj and Katihar districts of Bihar.
These ducks have uniform light/dark brown feathers throughout the body. Circular spots on the feathers (Mosaic pattern) in ducks. Dark brown to ash color in drakes.
Head is bright black to greenish-black in drakes and brown in ducks. Body carriage is slightly upright and bill shape is horizontal. The average age at first egg is 191.12 days (range 159-223).
The average annual egg production is 54.6 (range 33-71). The average egg weight is 49.53g. Bodyweight at 6 months of age is 1.18kg (range 1.12-1.24). The population size (approx) 46,000.

nbagr poultry breed

PD-2 (Vanaraja Female) Line

nbagr poultry breedPD-2 has been developed by ICAR-Directorate of Poultry Research, Hyderabad, and is used as a female parent for the production of Vanaraja, a dual-purpose backyard chicken variety.
Sy-multicolored broiler control population available at ICAR-DPR, Hyderabad was utilized for the development of the PD-2 line. The birds have mostly single combs, multicolored plumage, yellow color skin, and shank and lay brown colored eggs.
The average six-week body weight and shank length range from 450-650 g and 66-76 mm, respectively. Adult body weight at 40 weeks of age ranges from 2.4 to 2.8 kg in females and from 3 to 3.5 kg in males. The age at sexual maturity ranges from 160 to175 days. The egg weight at 40 weeks ranges from 52 to56 g. Annual egg production varies between 190 to 215 eggs. The population size (approx) 5,000.

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