African Boer Goat Farming (2020): A Unique Guide

boer goat

Boer goats were bred by ‘Afrikaner’ farmers who crossed various European and Indian breeds with breeds raised by Bantu and Khoekhoe people. This goat breed was developed in South Africa within the early 1900s for meat production.

In 1959, breeders in what is now Eastern Cape Province founded the South African Boar Goat Breeders Association, the SA Boer Goat Association has established the standards which are followed by breeders all over the world.

The better prize of the Boer goats depends upon its large size, lop (downward hanging) ears, white body and a redhead, backward-curving horns, brown eyes, and strong well-placed legs.

Boer goats are famous for his or her meat production and therefore the commercial breeding of Boer goats is very much successful and the breeding season usually starts in August and runs through the month of December.

Selecting a quality buck is more important for commercial meat production. Medium-sized does are normally preferred, as they produce the same number of youngsters, but require less feed to try to so.

 

History of African Boer Goat

history of boer goat

From the beginning, Boer goats have earmarked for meat and not dairy production, thanks to the stocky bodies and therefore the lean and moist meat they produced. These goats also showed a remarkably quick rate of growth, which was seen as a boon to the Dutch farmers who kept them.

When this goat breed appeared in South Africa, some amount of Angora and Boer embryos were smuggled by out of the country via a route from Zimbabwe to the goat farmers by New Zealand and Australian agricultural companies. The smugglers wanted the Angora embryos because this breed is prized for its mohair (yarn or fabric which is made from the hair of the Angora goat) production.

At the time, snagging of the Boer goat embryos were merely an afterthought. The embryos were implanted inside the goat does(female goat) in New Zealand. One Australian company that also had some smuggled embryos got into some money problems and the embryos, as well as offspring, were sent to a New Zealand quarantine station operator named Rob Moodie.

Moodie dubbed the herd her garnered African Goat Flocks. A different Australian livestock firm, Australian Breeding Management, aroused with thousands of both Angora and Boer goats that were ultimately released from quarantine

All of the Boer goats that first found their way to America come from the offspring of smuggled embryos cultivated in Australia and New Zealand.

It took decades of deliberate and diligent breeding for the Boer goat we all know today to develop. Keepers staunchly herald the breed’s superior genetic qualities and consistent production of quality meat.

The exact same year that the primary known full-blooded goats of this breeds arrived within the country, the American Boer Goat Association was established. It didn’t take long for Boer goat breeding and marketing to hit an explosive level within us.

All You Need to Know About Boer Goats The American Boer Goat Association is an incredibly active force behind the rise in meat goat production within us. The group now counts in more than 7,000 goat farmers as members. Each year the ABGA registers quite 45,000 head of purebred goats.

It is possible to import Boer goats directly from the first South African strain, but they’re quite expensive – even before the shipping. There will be both tons less paperwork and expense involved in locating a breeder with certified South African Boer goat stock and buy animals from them.

Any goat or sheep imported from Africa must remain in compliance with USDA rules and be placed during a herd that has been certified to evolve with the federal agency’s Voluntary Scrapie Flock regulations. This step was initiated to avoid the spread of the scrapie virus for which no known cure exists.

firstly, any imported goat from Africa quarantined for five years to make sure that any spread of deadly disease should not happen. Rules concerning the importation of goat embryos from Africa may soon be relaxed.

American buyers of purebred Boer goats imported from auctions in New Zealand and Australia once paid up to $10,000 per head and still made money on the deal once offspring were born and sold for around $7,000 each.

 

 

Characteristics of Boer Goat

 

boer goat characteristics

  1. Boer goats are very likable, gentle, and intelligent as compare to many other goats and they are also used in breeding with other low-quality goat breeds to improve their breed.
  2. Boer has a very fast growth rate thus it reaches slaughtering size quickly and along with a high fertility rate and docile. It also has 2.58% less fat than chicken meat. The meat is very lean and is cooked slowly with moist heat.
  3. Boer goats generally have common brown heads with a white body, while there are some goats which can also be completely white and can be completely brown colored. Adult Boer male goats (buck) often reach 160 kilograms, and Boer female goats (doe) can weigh as much as 110 kilograms. Body weights measurements may vary because of influences of nutrition, health and disease, genetics, breeding age and method, and the most important i.e. management system.
  4. This goat breed is Hardy & disease resistant and can adapt in any climate or weather, I suggest worming everyone at least in a month (summer) and half months in (winter and fall).
  5. Kidding for this goat is possible in every eight months.
  6. This breed has a great mother instinct.
  7. Boer Goat has the ability to survive under the arid conditions to vegetation or lush pastures.
  8. This Breed doesn’t require a lot of feed but if you want to gain weight quickly then you can feed them extra calories.
  9. For beginners and new farmers who are willing to start rearing Boer goats, it is very easy and it doesn’t require tonnes of big and expensive equipment.
  10. The Boer Goat breed is polyestrous (able to breed throughout the year). They reach maturity at the age of 5 months. most Boer females give birth to two kids, and some time triplets.

 

 

Boer Goat Farming

 

 

Purchasing Goats

The price of Boer goat is usually very high within the market. We can’t tell the precise price, because the worth can vary from place to place. Visit any of your nearest African Boer goat farm or any existing Boer goat farm to understand more about the present price.

You can also search your local online classifieds for purchasing the goats. If you have a low budget to start goat farming, then you can start with a minimum number of goats.

 

Housing

The Boer goats are much larger sized animals as compared to several other common goat breeds used in farming. So, they generally require more housing space. Generally, 12-15 square feet of housing space per goat is going to be enough.

And if you raise these goats in a stall-fed system, then you’ll get to arrange about 25-30 square feet playing space for every goat for the optimum farm yield.

 

Breeding

Boer goats are excellent breeders, and their fertility rate is very good. And because of this, most of the Boer goat farmers prefer purebred goats for breeding.

Crossbreeding of Boer goat with other relative inferiority goat breeds is additionally produce top quality and really productive kids which are very helpful in better farming profit.

The most common and popular crosses of Boer goats are Boer with Spanish goats, Boer with Angora goats, Boer with Kiko goats, Boer with Nubian goats, Boer with Osmanabadi goats, Boer with Jamunapari goats, and Boer with Sirohi goats, Crossbreeding produces new and high yielding goat kids.

 

Caring

As a really fast-growing breed, the Boer goats generally require special caring during farming. Mainly the breeding bucks and the does will require special care. It is required to keep the breeding bucks separately from the group and take extra care. Also, keep the pregnant and nursing does separate from the flock, and they also require special caring.

 

Marketing

Marketing of goat products isn’t a drag, especially when it comes to Boer goat farming. You can easily sell either meat or live goats within the market. And Boer goats are generally sold at a really high price within the market. Both demand and price of this goat breed are extremely high.

 

Feeding

 

 

Boer Goats need attention to their nutrition so as to thrive. Goats are ready to digest foods like grass and weeds but cannot survive on browsing (herbivory) only. Whether you’re raising goats for milk or for meat, you’ve got to possess some knowledge on how goats are to be fed.

A diet with all nutrients improves immunity, growth, and production. Meat and milk goats are likely to lose condition if given inadequate feeds thanks to their body mass and high production yields. Never drastically change your goat’s diet.

Changing a diet drastically can cause digestive upsets. When changing to a replacement diet, start feeding the goat small amounts of the new diet. This method works without disturbing the bacteria within the rumen.

Feeding a balanced ratio reduces the danger of lower yields while also improving the goat’s health. Hay should be available to your goats. Hay should form the idea of a minimum of 40% of your goat’s feed. Milking goats should be fed 4kgs of hay per day.

The goats can feed 2 to 4 pounds of hay per day when they become adults. you’ll feed them a free choice or feed them hay twice during a day. Alfalfa hay contains more protein, vitamins, and minerals than the other grass hay. I like to recommend feeding your goats alfalfa hay.

Feeding kitchen scraps, goats can eat 3 kg per day of carrots, cabbages, and other kitchen scraps. you’ll purchase fresh vegetables for the goats from the market if you’ll. But kitchen scraps had best. Take care to not feed them poisonous fruits for they’ll affect their health or maybe cause death.

Grains are a source of protein and vitamins. Grains could also be fed as supplements. Overfeeding grains may fatten or maybe kill the goat. Quality grains to feed goats are oats, wheat, barley, etc. it’s best to contact your local livestock nutritionist to formulate a goat pellet feed for your goats.

Loose minerals should be provided a free choice, Don’t feed mineral combinations in blocks, but feed individual minerals. you’ll purchase magnesium block, phosphorus block, etc. Fresh & clean water should be available for them 24/7.

Amount of Grain For Meat Goats

The meat goats should be fed a cup of grain each day. Meat goats don’t require grains as much because most of their nutrients will be found on pasture. However, breeding bucks may need more grains because of the energy used causes hormonal proportions.

Amount of Grain For Kids & Milking Goats

Kids require ½ cup of grain in a day, while pregnant does, fiber goats, and milkers may be given 2 cups in a day. Keep in mind that most of the grains provide up to 18% protein nutrient, so you must balance the proportion according to your need, because excess protein may harm your goat.

 

 

 

Diseases And Treatments

 

 

goat diseases table

Coccidiosis:- Coccidiosis boar goatIt is found mainly in young kids. It is caused by the algae coccidia parasite. The signs are Blood tinged brownish diarrhea, dehydration, anemia, rapid weight loss, and fever.

Treatment:- Biosol medicine is given to once in a day for about 5-7 days to get a cure from coccidiosis. This can also be treated with Corid® or Sulmet or Deccox®. Apart from this spray of 10% ammonia solution after cleaning the house.

 

Enterotoxemia:- Enterotoxemia in boer goat It is also known as overeating disease. The symptoms are depression, loss of appetite, high temperature, convulsions, sudden death in young kids.

Treatment:- Yearly booster vaccination is given to prevent enterotoxemia. Antitoxins of type C and D is given to treat this disease. Don’t feed grass at in early age.

 

Acidosis:- acidosis in boer goatsIt is mainly caused due to overeating of concentrated food. The symptoms are depression. Teeth grinding, muscle twitching, and swelling.

Treatment:- Stop overfeeding and give soda bicarbonate (2-3 oz) to treat the acidosis disease.

 

Pregnancy toxemia:- pregnancy toxemia disease in goatIt is a metabolic disease caused by low glucose concentrations in the blood and excessive breakdown of body fat to compensate. The symptoms are loss of appetite, sweet-smelling breath, lethargy, etc.

Treatment:- Propylene glycol is given twice a day along with water and sodium bicarbonate will help to treat toxemia.

 

Ketosis:- ketosis in goatIt is caused by ketones which causes a lack of energy in the body. The symptoms are decreased milk production, of food, and having sweet-smelling breath.

Treatment:- Drenching of glucose will help to cure ketosis.

 

Johne’s disease (Paratuberculosis):- Johnes Disease in boer goatIn this disease, the Goat starts losing the body-weight along with frequent diarrhea, thinness, and weakness. The disease mainly occurs when the goat is 1-2 years old.

Causative AgentMycobacterium Paratuberculosis
Mode of infectioningestion of contaminated food and water infected with feces
Incubation period 6 months to 2 years

Treatment:- No appropriate test is made to detect Johne’s disease at an early stage. It is best to consult any nearby veterinary doctor.

 

Tetanus:- Tetanus in goatTetanus is caused by the bacteria named Clostridium tetani. The symptoms are stiffed muscles, breathing issues which ultimately result in the death of an animal.

Treatment:- Penicillin antibiotic is given to cure the disease and the wound is washed with hydrogen peroxide.

Foot rot:- foot rot in goatThe inflammation between the toes, wound in the foot area, in some cases, animals start grazing on their knees, the symptom is lameness.

Treatment:- Shift the animal to dry house, Cure by giving them a bath and both the feet in copper sulfate solution for at least 5 minutes.

 

Laminitis:- It is caused due to overeating of high concentrated food. The symptoms are lameness diarrhea, warm feet, toxemia, etc.

Treatment:- Phenylbutazone is given to get relief from pain and the feed having less protein or energy content is given to treat laminitis.

 

Pneumonia:- pneumonia in goatIt causes infection on the lungs and the symptoms are respiratory problems, discharge of mucous from nostrils, and high temperature because of fever, cough, less food intake.

Treatment:- Certain antibiotics are given to cure disease. Make sure that the house is well ventilated and provide fresh drinking water.

 

CAE (Caprine arthritis-encephalitis):-   Caprine arthritis encephalitis in goatsIt is a virus and the symptoms are lameness, pneumonia, chronic cough, and weight loss.

Treatment:- Keep the infected goat away from the herd so that the disease can’t spread to other animals.

 

 

Ringworm:- Ringworms in goatIt is mainly caused by fungus. The symptoms are thick skin, thin hairs, gray or white color crusty appearance on the skin, etc.

Treatment:- Application of any one of these fungicidal solutions will help to cure disease. The application is done daily for 5 days and then weekly.

  1. 1:10 bleach
  2. O.5% Sulphur
  3. 1:300 Captan
  4. 1% Betadine

 

Pinkeye:-

Pinkeye disease in goatIt is mainly spread through flies and is highly contagious.

Treatment:- Wash the eyes with penicillin or oxytetracycline to get a cure from pinkeye disease.

 

 

WMD (White muscle disease):- White muscle disease in goatIt is mainly caused in kids of age group 1 week to 3 months. The symptoms are respiratory problems, weakness, stiffness, etc. it is mainly caused due to Vitamin E and Selenium deficiency.


Treatment:- Vitamin E and Selenium is given to cure WMD.

 

Listeriosis:- Listeriosis disease in goatIt is caused by Listeria monocytogenes during changing weather and during advanced stages of pregnancy. The symptoms are depression, fever, paralysis, abortions, etc.

Treatment:- in starting 3-5 days procaine penicillin is given after every 6 hours and then once in a day for 7 days.

 

Mastitis:- Mastitis disease in goatThe symptoms are hot and hard udder, loss of appetite, etc.

Treatment:- Several antibiotics such as CD antitoxin, Penicillin, Nuflor, Banamine, etc. are given to treat this disease.

 

 

Bottle jaw:- Bottle jaw in boer goatbottle jaw is caused by the blood-sucking worms. The symptoms are a swollen jaw and abnormal color of the jaw.

Treatment:- Includes use of injections like Vitamin B12 or Red Cell®.

 

Common Control Measures

 

 

  1. Proper installation and management of drainage, dusting, or sprinkling of copper sulfate near the water bodies can help in controlling fluke infection.
  2. As possible avoid grazing late evening and early morning.
  3. Keep the shed area clean and protected, always provide fresh and clean drinking water.
  4. Put the infected animal in a different area far from healthy animals to avoid chances of contamination.
  5. While purchasing new animals provide proper quarantine measures.
  6. Properly dispose of dead animals far from the farm area.
  7. To control infection and its chances follow Rotational grazing.
  8. Never try to mix polluted or expired food elements with the fresh one, and always feed colostrum to newly born kids.
  9. Vaccinate timely to prevent them from unwanted diseases and production loss.
  10. Take special care of breeding bucks and kids for a few weeks.
 Secrets of Goat Farming | Care and Management

 

 

How Much Do Boer Goats Cost?

 

 

boer goats pricesAs with all goat breeds, the value of a Boer goat will depend upon multiple factors. First and perhaps most important, is local availability. If there is no breeder in your locality, then the cost to make a trip to the breeder and inspect the goat and either have it shipped then it can cost several hundred dollars.

If purchasing a registered or show quality Boer goat the price tag will likely be between $400 to $500. Doeling or nanny goats can often garner a slightly higher price than intact males.

Because Boer goats are so wanted and convey a high price both on the butcher shop and indirect sales, keepers should make time to thoroughly document the health, vaccinations, reproduction statistics, breeding lineage, seasonal weight, and butcher weight of each herd member to help fortify their claims of quality stock for selling or marketing purposes.

 For Indian Goat Farmers

Boer Goats For Sale (3 Alternatives To Buy From)

1

In India, It is easily available whether you want kids or young ones, they are on sale! you can contact your nearby goat farm owner or you can also ask this breeder (youtube video below) who provides African Boer goats at an affordable price. 

 

2

Apart from this if you want to buy Boer goat and you can compromise with the price, I personally suggest you go to IndiaMART. It Filters the search results according to the availability of boar goats for sale near you. First, when you click on the button below you will see a full-screen popup like this

You can directly land on the IndiaMART website just ⇒ CLICK HERE

boer-goats-for-sale

Now just select your country and enter your email, it may ask you to fill a query form, which won’t take more than 2 minutes, and now after all this, you will get notified if there are boar goats for sale available near your locality. Their information along with their contact details will be sent directly to your mail-id, Yes you can search and filter the search results for getting the nearby Boer goat seller and their prices, later you can ask them for the final price according to your requirement.

3

Nimbkar Boer Goat Farm is a pioneer in importing the Boer embryos and the Damascus semen in India. They have a very large fully pedigreed and performance recorded Boer goats. Their farm is located at Phaltan which is 100 km from Pune and 180 km from Solapur on Pune – Pandharpur road in Satara district of Maharashtra, India.

You can directly land on the Nimbkar Boer Goat website just ⇒ CLICK HERE

boar goat for sale

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