What is Agriculture Farming TechnologyOver the next two decades. Technological waves will revolutionize the efficiency of farms all over the world. It can't come soon enough, by the year 2050 the human population will be nearly 10 billion which means we'll need to have doubled the amount of food we now produce.
The industry has undergone major developments over the last century, about 11 million agricultural workers produced the food for 76 million people.
Food, Farming, and other related industries contributed $1.053 trillion to U.S. (GDP) in 2017, a 5.4-percent share.
Robotic PickersAmerican farms contributed $132.8 billion of this whole—around 1 percent of GDP.
But there are two factors that were most responsible for the surge in productivity of engines and the widespread availability of electricity. Today the advancements on our quick skyline incorporate independent pickers.
Strawberry Picker Robot
They could zap the weeds with a laser instead this could have a big impact
The UN estimates that each year between 20 and 40 percent of global crop yields are destroyed by pests and disease.
Use of Mobile Technology In AgricultureTiny sensors and cameras will monitor crop growth and alert farmers on their smartphones if there's a problem or when it's the best time to harvest the bounty Rob can take a soil sample to liquidize it then analyze its pH and phosphorous levels all in real-time as a proof of concept for all this autonomous farming technology.
Agritech Using Machine LearningMachine learning is regularly improving the system's ability to differentiate between varieties of crops and the weeds that threaten them not to be left out. A company called Mavericks contracts 100 pilots to fly light aircraft that are outfitted with multispectral cameras on data gathering missions over large farms throughout the country, for an even wider view planet Labs operates a fleet of cube SATs that take weekly images of entire farms from space to help monitor crops.
Other companies are creating analytics software to act as farm management systems allowing growers of all sizes to affect this new tsunami of knowledge
Vertical FarmingVertical farms are essentially warehouses with stacks of the hydroponic systems to grow the leafy greens, they're sprouting up in cities everywhere all around, where the fresh produce and land is scarce the key obstacle is the cost of energy and the tall using a lot of it takes on the environment. Then the upside is artificial lights and controlled-climate buildings allow crops to grow day and night and whole year-round producing a significantly higher yield per square foot for now though only expensive, the leafy greens like lettuce, herbs, and basil have proven profitable in the vertical system and therefore the jury is certainly still out on whether this is truly an environmentally friendly technique
Effect of Blue light on PhotosynthesisA possible solution is to use Red and blue light wavelengths to optimize photosynthesis and turbo boost the growth. Technique tested by researchers at the project growing the underground and experimental farm operating. in Old World War two bomb shelters underneath London, another advancement in indoor farming is the open agriculture initiative which aims to create a catalog of climates so temperature and humidity can be set to recreate the perfect conditions for growing crops that would normally come from all over the world locally. Instead, this is an attempt to tackle the food miles issue when produce is shipped around the world it creates unnecessary co2 emissions, just look at where a few of the items you'll eat today were cultivated to understand how big of a problem.
Cattle Monitoring Based On IoT
Every animal who would have thought Fitbit's could be for livestock 😁IoT lets the farmers closely and easily monitor the health of the livestock, which can be an effective way to prevent losses, it is mainly used in organized dairy farms.
Cows are being fitted with smart collars that monitor if they're sick or if they're moving around more which is a sign of fertility. Researchers at Scotland's Rural College are analyzing cow breath exhaled ketones and sulfides reveal potential problems with an animal's diet, thermal imaging cameras spot inflamed utters to provide earlier treatment to combat a bacterial infection known as mastitis, one of the costliest setbacks in the dairy industry.
- 3d cameras quickly measure the weight and muscle mass of cattle so they're sold at their beefiest companies have even begun positioning microphones above pig pens to detect coughs, giving sick animals the treatment they need a full 12 days earlier than before fewer antibiotics are used if fewer animals become ill. The first shorter lengths of time and
- The system of just three cameras developed by researchers in Belgium tracks the movement of thousands of chickens to analyze their behavior and spot over 90% of possible problems.
Fish Farming Industry GrowthHere's a stat that I found eye-opening consumption of farmed fish has now surpassed our consumption of beef and researchers are working to increase the types of fish that are raised aquaculture at the institute of marine and environmental technology in Baltimore are developing an artificial ecosystem that mimics ocean conditions so that saltwater fish farms can be built inland this would allow millions of landlocked people to be able to enjoy fresh fish instead of consuming frozen fish grown or caught on the coast that has to be shipped thousands of miles and refrigerated trucks that use a lot of energy
Sustainable AquacultureThe most exciting thing about this experimental fish farm is that it's actually a closed system that creatively uses three sets of bacteria in different ways so it doesn't produce any waste and even powers itself, makes it the world's most sustainably produced fish.
The system is completely and fully contained there is zero interaction with the environment there is no waste it's zero waste goes back to the environment which is the big problem with the aqua project. Today this revolutionary technology could be critical for saving species in the wild like rapidly depleting bluefin tuna populations and ingenious approach from a company in California are proteinaceous fish and food pellets made from the bodies of a bacteria that grow by consuming a combination of methane oxygen and nitrogen.
Insect FarmingThe UN's Food and Agriculture Organization estimates that two billion people consume insects as part of their diet, bugs are among the cheapest most nutritious environmentally-friendly sources of protein so there's a growing movement to find new ways to incorporate them into food products that can be marketed in a way that doesn't gross people, some examples are protein powder and insect flour but even if insects never make it onto many of our plates they can still help us a lot as animal feed.
Technology Replacing Human Jobs But Takes TimeOn the other end of the alternative protein spectrum is lab-grown meat in 2013 the first hamburger was made from muscle cells grown in a lab in the Netherlands followed by a meatball grown by a California company called Memphis. But production costs need to come way down before will be buying synthetic meats in significant quantities it's better for the environment and we eat actually producing so that we can produce much more meat with much fewer resources so that we can feed the entire planet and we'll probably look back at this time as sort of barbaric that we killed animals and used them to such a degree for our meat consumption. human survival on earth has by necessity driven us to use and change the world around us, some of our most powerful innovations are aimed at solving problems we ourselves create as climate patterns change and human population raises the prospect of a global food shortage becomes increasingly dire it's a threat that even the deployment of millions of autonomous farmer bots would be unlikely to solve but where man-made machines may fall short bacterial machines may very well prevail bringing me to the technology that can continue to deliver the biggest increases in crop yield, genetic modification, scientific breakthroughs like CRISPR, genomic selection and snips. now allow single letters within a gene to be precisely edited unlike older methods of genetic manipulation like transgenic modifications that made uncontrolled alterations to large regions of DNA CRISPR a gene-editing system repurposed from bacteria more closely mimics the process of random mutation, this process is critical for environmental adaptation, Darwinian natural selection, and ultimately evolution while this fact alone may not placate the most passionate anti-GMO advocate highly precise techniques like CRISPR should help ease legitimate health and environmental concerns that have thus far curbed significant commercial investments but not everyone is sitting on the sidelines.
Modified Strains of Corn, Cassava, Rice, and maizeTwo large agricultural companies DuPont and Syngenta have used genome selection to develop two new drought-tolerant strains of corn called aqua Max and artesian, then there's the next-gen cassava project led by Cornell University in partnership with research institutes all over Africa that aims to quote significantly increased the rate of genetic improvement in cassava breeding to unlock the full potential of the staple crop that's central to food security and livelihoods across Africa genetically improving the cultivation of other crops that haven't been modified yet could additionally lead to huge yield increases from millet and yams, for example, rice, one of the world's most important crops has seen its yield. Plateau meaning that for years now the maximum amount that can be grown on say an acre of land has not increased the seafloor rice project a massive global collaboration between 18 biology labs spread across four continents is trying to change that their goal is to genetically engineer a new strain of rice so that its photosynthetic process works more like maize which would theoretically turbo-boost its yield by 50% and of course it's not just cropped pig lines, for example, are being altered to make them immune to an illness that costs American farmers 600 million dollars a year.
It's hard to predict which of these developments will have the greatest impact on food production and we should be pursuing all of them the use of genetic technologies will inevitably prove essential for tackling what would likely be an insurmountable challenge sustainably doubling our global food supply, the good news is that some of the world's most creative scientists, engineers, farmers, and innovators are working on solutions for this problem.